Curriculum Reforms in India

Krishna Kumar*

In this chapter, I shall discusses the manner in which a major process of curricular reform was initiated in India. The responsibility for formulating the National Curriculum Framework (NCF), as a means of establishing national standards, lies with the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT).1 In the autumn of 2004, when the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) asked NCERT to review and revise the National Curriculum Framework, the task was made both sensitive and vast owing to the conditions created by the election of a new government at the Centre. The ethos in which parliamentary elections were held was characterized by several shrill debates, including the debate ...

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