Chapter 11 Oscillatory motion and vibration

11.1 Simple harmonic motion

When a body oscillates backwards and forwards so that every part of its motion recurs regularly, we say that it has periodic motion. For example, a piston attached to a connecting rod and crankshaft, moving up and down inside the cylinder, has periodic motion, as you may have noticed when studying this system as a mechanism in section 9.2.

If we study the motion of the piston P carefully (Figure 11.1), we note that when the piston moves towards A its velocity v is from right to left. At A it comes instantaneously to rest and reverses direction. So before reaching A the piston ...

Get Engineering Science now with the O’Reilly learning platform.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from nearly 200 publishers.