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Essential SharePoint by Jeff Webb

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Parts of a Page

Each SharePoint site has a home page named default.aspx. Different site templates create different home pages, as shown in Figure 1-7. These pages are made up of web parts—a web part is a type of custom control that contains a title bar, a frame, and content. Figure 1-9 indicates the web parts included in a document workspace.

Team, workspace, and meeting sites

Figure 1-7. Team, workspace, and meeting sites

Navigating between team and workspace sites

Figure 1-8. Navigating between team and workspace sites

Web parts on a home page

Figure 1-9. Web parts on a home page

Web parts appear on a web part page , which is a special type of page that contains zones where you can drag and drop web parts. The home page of each site is a web part page. Web parts often present data from lists within the site. In fact, all of the lists in a site show up as web parts when you create a new web part page, as shown in Figure 1-10.

Designing a web part page

Figure 1-10. Designing a web part page

I said that lists are tables of related data, but that doesn't really convey the importance of lists within SharePoint. Lists are used to organize and store Office documents, links, members, discussions, images, and all other types of content in SharePoint. For the most common tables, SharePoint includes a set of list templates, which are categorized and described by task in Table 1-2.

Table 1-2. Types of lists


List template

Use to

Team projects


Post messages on the home page of your site.



Share information about people your team works with.


Document library

Share Word, Excel, and PowerPoint documents with the team.



Keep informed of upcoming meetings, deadlines, and other important events.


Form library

Share InfoPath forms with the team.


General discussion

Get answers and share opinions within the team.



Share links to web pages relevant to team members.



Get quantifiable feedback from the team.



Track work that you or your team needs to complete.


Picture library

Share images.


Problem report

Track customer complaints and feature request. Assign items and record resolution.



Outline meeting topics, who will cover them, and how much time each presenter is allotted.



Invite members to the meeting.



Enter, review, and track decisions made at the meeting.



Manage a prioritized set of problems meeting will address.


Meeting series

Handle recurring meetings, such as monthly status reviews.


Things to bring

List things that attendees should bring to be prepared for the meeting, such as notebooks, handouts, or lunch.



List goals for the meeting.


Workspace pages

Link to other pages in a multipage meeting workspace.

Site administration

List template gallery

Add or remove custom list templates.


Site template gallery

Add or remove custom site templates.


Web part gallery

Add or remove custom web parts.

In addition to displaying lists, there are also web parts that perform specific tasks, as shown in Table 1-3.

Table 1-3. Other web parts included with SharePoint

Web part

Use to

Content editor

Display HTML text that can be edited within a frame.


Include an image on a page.


Display a list of site members and status.

Page viewer

Include a view of another web page in a frame.


Filter a list displayed in another web part.


Transform an XML data source using XSL and display the result in a frame on the page.

I explain how to construct new pages and modify existing ones in more detail in later chapters.

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