Planning a SharePoint environment depends on which of the many roles the environment calls for. SharePoint is a broad platform that can be used for myriad applications or combinations of applications. This chapter covers some of the core functionality of the SharePoint platform and how to handle the workload involved with implementing these solutions. The core components of a SharePoint environment cover the areas of search, social, Web Content Management (WCM), and Enterprise Content Management (ECM). These core components of the SharePoint platform require careful planning and implementation. This chapter covers these aspects as well as how they relate to the exam.