Consider the balance sheet of a small retail company, Kelly Supply, as of December 31, 2011 (Figure 4–20). Exchange transactions that occurred during 2012 are recorded in Figure 4–21 and posted to T-accounts in Figure 4–22. The financial statements are contained in Figures 4–23 and 4–24.
The December 31, 2011, balance sheet accounts are reflected in the T-accounts as beginning balances. The exchange transactions are numbered (1)-(11), and each is described and has been posted in the T-accounts.
At year-end, the adjusting journal entries are recorded and posted to the T-accounts. Adjusting entries are numbered (12)–(18). Entries (13), (16), and (17) are accruals, and entries (12), (14), (15), and (18) are cost expirations. Entries (19) and (20) close revenues, expenses, and dividends to retained earnings.
The income statement contains revenues ...