Chapter 7. Large Application Structure
Although having small web applications stored in a single script can be very convenient, this approach does not scale well. As the application grows in complexity, working with a single large source file becomes problematic.
Unlike most other web frameworks, Flask does not impose a specific organization for large projects; the way to structure the application is left entirely to the developer. In this chapter, a possible way to organize a large application in packages and modules is presented. This structure will be used in the remaining examples of the book.
Example 7-1 shows the basic layout for a Flask application.
|-flasky |-app/ |-templates/ |-static/ |-main/ |-__init__.py |-errors.py |-forms.py |-views.py |-__init__.py |-email.py |-models.py |-migrations/ |-tests/ |-__init__.py |-test*.py |-venv/ |-requirements.txt |-config.py |-manage.py
This structure has four top-level folders:
- The Flask application lives inside a package generically named app.
- The migrations folder contains the database migration scripts, as before.
- Unit tests are written in a tests package.
- The venv folder contains the Python virtual environment, as before.
There are also a few new files:
- requirements.txt lists the package dependencies so that it is easy to regenerate an identical virtual environment on a different computer.
- config.py stores the configuration settings.
- manage.py launches ...