Socket Names and DNS
Having spent the previous two chapters learning the basics of UDP and TCP, the two major data transports available on IP networks, it is time for me to step back and talk about two larger issues that need to be tackled, regardless of which data transport you are using. In this chapter, I will discuss the topic of network addresses, and I will describe the distributed service that allows names to be resolved to raw IP addresses.
Hostnames and Sockets
We rarely type raw IP addresses into our browser or e-mail client. Instead, we type domain names. Some domain names identify entire organizations, like python.org and ...