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Functionalization of Semiconductor Surfaces by Steven L. Bernasek, Franklin Tao

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PREFACE

Functionalization of semiconductor surfaces through direct molecule attachment is an important approach to tailoring the chemical, physical, and electronic properties of semiconductor surfaces. Incorporating the functions of organic molecules into semiconductor-based materials and devices can serve various technological applications, as in the development of microelectronic computing, micro- and optoelectronic devices, microelectromechanical machines, three-dimensional memory chips, silicon-based nano- or biological sensors, and nanopatterned organic and biomaterial surfaces. Dry organic reactions in vacuum and wet organic chemistry in solution are two major categories of strategies for functionalization of these surfaces, which is the focus of this book. The growth of molecular multilayer architectures on the formed organic monolayers is described. The immobilization of biomolecules such as DNA on organic layers chemically attached to semiconductor surfaces is also introduced. The patterning of complex structures of organic layers and metallic nanoclusters on surfaces for application in sensing technologies is discussed. This book covers both advances in fundamental science and the latest achievements and applications in this rapidly growing field over the past decade.

Surface analytical techniques are used to characterize the organic functionalized interface. Chapter 2 briefly introduces the main surface analytic techniques used in this field. The functionalization of ...

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