Index

a

  • AASHTO allowable stress design (ASD) method 276–283
    • design example 283–287
    • design procedure 277–283
    • forces on reinforce soil mass 278
  • active‐and‐earthquake coefficient 104
  • apparent cohesion
  • apparent confining pressure
    • apparent confining pressure equation, Wu‐Pham 141, Eqn. (3‐5)
    • definition 140
    • in terms of Mohr circles 138–139
  • articulated panel facing GRS wall 171
  • ASTM D4595 192–193
  • ASTM D6637 192–193
  • at‐rest earth pressure
    • correlations 61–62
    • definition 60
    • values, suggested 63

b

  • backfill material and placement
    • fill compaction 387–388
    • free‐draining backfill 386
    • material criteria 386–387
  • bearing capacity of foundation soil
  • bin pressure
    • applicability 257
    • concept 257–258
  • Boussinesq solution 78–79
  • bridge abutment (see NCHRP design method)
  • bridge bumps 149, 298
  • bridge sill 290

c

  • cast‐in‐place full‐height facing GRS wall
    • before & after seismic event 163
    • completed wall photos 162
    • construction photos 162
    • construction sequence 160–161
    • cross section, typical 152, 161
    • earthquake resistance 163–164
    • RRR (reinforced railroad/road with rigid facing) 160–164
  • CMU (Concrete Masonry Units)
    • costs 159–160
    • description 159
    • types 159
  • compaction‐induced stress (CIS) 116–117, ...

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