Paul A. Taylor, University of Leeds, United Kingdom
Jan Ll. Harris, University of Salford, United Kingdom
Elsewhere (Jordan & Taylor, 2004; Taylor, 1999; Taylor, 2001), we have provided detailed accounts of both hacking and the attendant phenomenon of hacktivism. The purpose of this chapter is to provide a more succinct account of the way in which the key attributes of hacking have been adopted by new social movements that have pressed them into the service of the burgeoning antiglobalization movement. In carrying out this task, we will explore the points of contact and divergence that exist between traditional hacking and the recent emergence of hacktivism, the latter defined as the deployment of hacking tactics within the context of an explicit political agenda. Although hackers tend to be much more politically motivated than their hacker predecessors, their innovative acts are in fact very much in keeping with the original hacker ethic of using technology in the most ingenious manner possible. Hacking has, almost from its ...