Resource allocation is initialization (RAII)

The idea of RAII comes from C++, where we have no such thing as a memory manager. We encapsulate logic where we potentially want to share resources that need to be freed after their use. This makes sure that we do not have memory leaks, and that objects that are utilizing the item are doing so in a safe manner. Another name for this is scope-bound resource management (SBRM), and is also utilized in another recent language called Rust.

We can apply the same types of ideas that C++ and Rust do in terms of RAII in our JavaScript code. There are a couple of ways that we can handle this and we are going to look at them. The first is the idea that when we pass an object into a function, we can then ...

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