Visiting one’s grandparents is always a dull chore for an adolescent. But that doesn’t mean we need to end up with a dull image. In the top picture, the girl and her grandmother are the same size, in the same plane. Which of them are we supposed to be looking at? The focus is lost. In the lower image, it’s clear that we’re on the side of the bored girl.

5Composing the scene

COMPOSITION, as any art historian will tell us, makes the difference between a good picture and a bad one. So it is with photomontage: the position of people and objects ...

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