# Appendix ASelected Distributions

## Distribution Name: Triangular

Parameters:

• UB (Upper bound)
• LB (Lower bound)
• Mode—this may be any value between UB and LB.

Note that UB and LB are absolute outer limits—a 100% CI.

For a triangular distribution, the UB and LB represent absolute limits. There is no chance that a value could be generated outside of these bounds. In addition to the UB and LB, this distribution also has a mode that can vary to any value between the UB and LB. This is sometimes useful as a substitute for a lognormal, when you want to set absolute limits on what the values can be but you want to skew the output in a way similar to a lognormal. It is useful in any situation where you know of absolute limits but the most likely value might not be in the middle, like the normal distribution.

• When to Use: When you want control over where the most likely value is compared to the range, and when the range has absolute limits.
• Examples: Number of records lost if you think the most likely number is near the top of the range and yet you have a finite number of records you know cannot be exceeded.
• Excel Formula:

• Mean: = (LB+Mode+UB)/3

## Distribution Name: Binary

Parameters:

• P (Event probability)

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