Chapter 2. Styling Text
In This Chapter
Introducing fonts and typefaces
Specifying the font family
Determining font size
Understanding CSS measurement units
Managing other font characteristics
Using the font rule to simplify font styles
Web pages are still primarily a text-based media, so you'll want to add some formatting capabilities. XHTML doesn't do any meaningful text formatting on its own, but CSS adds a wide range of tools for choosing the typeface, font size, decorations, alignment, and much more. In this chapter, you discover how to manage text the CSS way.
A bit of semantics is in order. The thing most people dub a font is more properly a typeface. Technically, a font is a particular typeface at a particular size with a specific set of decorations (underlining, italic, and so on). The distinction is honestly not that important in a digital setting. You don't explicitly set the font in CSS. You determine the font family (which is essentially a typeface), and then you modify its characteristics (creating a font as purists would think of it). Still, when I'm referring to the thing that most people call a font (a file in the operating system that describes the appearance of an alphabet set), I use the familiar term font.
Setting the Font Family
To assign a font family to part of your page, use some new CSS. Figure 2-1 illustrates a page with the heading set to Comic Sans MS.
If this page is viewed on a Windows machine, it generally displays the font correctly because Comic Sans MS ...