Chapter 8

1 See also J. W. Garner, Political Science and Government, (Calcutta: World Press, 1952), p. 677.

2 For a detailed treatment of various types of executive, see C.F. Strong, Modern Political Constitutions, 8th edition, (London: ELBS and Sidgwick and Jackson, 1973), pp. 209–44; and A. R. Ball, Modern Politics and Government, pp. 151–69.

3 The concept of the majority is a function of members present and voting or abstaining from voting. It varies as per requirements of simple majority, i.e., one more than 50 per cent of the seats; majority based on members present and voting/abstaining; and simple majority plus 2/3rd majority of the members present and voting. A majority is required for a government to show confidence of the House based ...

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