Another difference between properties and items is that items can have metadata associated with them. When you create an item, each of its elements is a full-fledged .NET object, which can have a set of values (metadata) associated with it. The metadata that is available on every item, known as well-known metadata, is summarized in Table 1-2.
Table 1-2. Well-Known Metadata
The value that was specified in the Include attribute of the item after it was evaluated.
Full path of the file.
The root directory to which the file belongs.
The name of the file, not including the extension.
The extension of the file, including the ‘.’.
The path to the file relative to the current working ...