Opening a Serial Port
You want to set up a serial port and open it for input/output.
open( ) method to get a
Now you’ve picked your serial port, but it’s not ready to go yet. Baud rate. Parity. Stop bits. These things have been the bane of many a programmer’s life. Having needed to work out the details of setting them on many platforms over the years, including CP/M systems, IBM PCs, and IBM System/370 mainframes, I can report that it’s no fun. Finally, Java has provided a portable interface for setting all these parameters.
The steps in setting up and opening a serial port are as follows:
Get the name and
CommPortIdentifier(which you can do using my
open( )method; cast the resulting
CommPortobject to a
SerialPortobject (this cast will fail if the user chose a parallel port!).
Set the serial communications parameters, such as baud rate, parity, stop bits, and the like, either individually or all at once using the convenience routing
getOutputStreammethods of the
SerialPortobject, and construct any additional
Writerobjects (see Chapter 9).
You are then ready to read and write on the serial port. Example 11-2 is code that implements all these steps for a serial port. Some of this code is for parallel ports, which we’ll discuss in Section 11.4.
Example 11-2. CommPortOpen.java
import java.awt.*; import ...