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Java Cookbook by Ian F. Darwin

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Contacting a Server

Problem

You need to contact a server using TCP/IP.

Solution

Just create a Socket, passing the hostname and port number into the constructor.

Discussion

There isn’t much to this in Java, in fact. When creating a socket, you pass in the hostname and the port number. The java.net.Socket constructor does the gethostbyname( ) and the socket( ) system call, sets up the server’s sockaddr_in structure, and executes the connect( ) call. All you have to do is catch the errors, which are subclassed from the familiar IOException . Example 15.2 sets up a Java network client, using IOException to catch errors.

Example 15-2. Connect.java (simple client connection)

import java.net.*;

/*
 * A simple demonstration of setting up a Java network client.
 */ 
public class Connect {
    public static void main(String[] argv) {
        String server_name = "localhost";

        try {
            Socket sock = new Socket(server_name, 80);

            /* Finally, we can read and write on the socket. */
            System.out.println(" *** Connected to " + server_name  + " ***");

            /* . do the I/O here .. */

            sock.close(  );

        } catch (java.io.IOException e) {
            System.err.println("error connecting to " + 
                server_name + ": " + e);
            return;
        }

    }
}

See Also

Java supports other ways of using network applications. You can also open a URL and read from it (see Section 17.7). You can write code so that it will run from a URL, when opened in a web browser, or from an application (see Section 17.10).

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