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JUNOS High Availability by Orin Blomberg, Senad Palislamovic, Kieran Milne, James Sonderegger

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Enterprise Size and Effective Management

Depending on the size of the network, you must adopt different strategies to obtain the most effective management of content.

Small to Medium-Size Enterprise Perspective

We started out mentioning the need to manage the content of the complete aggregated Internet routing table and hinted at some of the tools that can be used to control that content, but does a network have to run Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) to communicate with the rest of the world? Is it absolutely necessary to retain a copy of that BIG table for a business to function? The answer, actually, is no. The reality is that small networks and most medium-size networks typically do not run BGP at all.

Note

Unnecessary routing protocols just add complexity and are an enemy of high availability. Keep it simple!

Networks that do not run BGP rely on a few fairly simple configuration elements to communicate with external destinations. These elements include a default route on the local AS gateway router and a passive route or possibly some redistribution by the service provider. In Figure 13-1, a small enterprise network composed of r1, r2, and r3 uses a default route on r3, the gateway router, to reach all destinations outside the local network. The ISP in Figure 13-1 has configured a static route on r4 and redistributed it into BGP to advertise a return route to the small enterprise.

Route control for small enterprise networks

Figure 13-1. Route ...

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