4 Child labour migrants or victims of labour trafficking?
A segmental approach
I. CANADA was to be the principal direction of emigration because it was the nearest British colony; the journey was short and inexpensive; the weather was admirable and the demand for settlers was insatiable.
II. CHARACTER: Only the “flower of the flock” would be emigrated. They should be honest, industrious and capable; taught to revere the Bible as God’s word; free from taint.1
Between 1869 and the late 1930s, the Child Migration Scheme led to the passage of over 100,000 child migrants from Great Britain to Canada. Children were assembled at Stepney Causeway, the great export emporium, to be tested and inspected for qualification for the ‘Canada ...