Chapter 8. Matching with Regular Expressions
In Chapter 7, you visited the world of regular expressions. Now you’ll see how that world fits into the world of Perl.
Matches with m//
You put patterns in pairs of forward slashes, like
/fred/, but this is actually a shortcut for
pattern match operator. As you saw with the
qw// operator, you may choose any pair of
delimiters to quote the contents. So you could write that
same expression as
m[fred] using those paired delimiters, or as
m^fred^, or many other ways using nonpaired
Nonpaired delimiters are the ones that don’t have a different “left” and “right” variety; the same punctuation mark is used for both ends.
If you choose the forward slash as the delimiter, you may omit the
m. Since Perl folks love to
avoid typing extra characters, you’ll see most pattern matches written
using slashes, as in
Of course, you should wisely choose a delimiter that doesn’t appear
in your pattern. If you wanted to make a pattern match the beginning of
an ordinary web URL, you might start to write
/http:\/\// to match the initial
"http://". But that would be easier to read,
write, maintain, and debug if you used a better choice of delimiter:
m%http://%. It’s common to use
curly braces as the delimiter. If you use a programmer’s text editor, it probably has the ability to jump from an opening curly brace to the corresponding closing one, which can be handy in maintaining ...