Protecting Privacy in Federal Information Systems

Data privacy is an important issue for the federal government. There are several federal laws designed to protect data privacy. The two major laws protecting the privacy of data that the government uses in the course of business are:

  • The Privacy Act of 197442
  • The E-Government Act of 200243

The Privacy Act of 1974

Congress created the Privacy Act of 1974 to protect data collected by the government. Although it applies to records created and used by federal agencies in the executive branch, it does not apply to state or local governments.

Under the Privacy Act, a record is any information about a person that an agency maintains. It includes a person’s educational, financial, medical, and criminal ...

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