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Linux Shell Scripting Essentials by Sinny Kumari

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Temporary files

Temporary files are the files that are needed for a short interval of time while an application is running. Such files are being used to keep intermediate results of running a program and they are no longer needed after the program execution is complete. In shell, we can create temporary files using the mktemp command.

Creating a temporary file using mktemp

The mktemp command creates a temporary file and prints its name on stdout. Temporary files are created by default in the /tmp directory.

The syntax of creating a temporary file is as follows:

$ mktmp
/tmp/tmp.xEXXxYeRcF

A file with the name tmp.xEXXxYeRcF gets created into the /tmp directory. We can further read and write into this file in an application for temporary use. Using ...

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