CVS User Reference

This section provides details on connecting to a repository, the structure of sandboxes, and using the CVS commands.

Repository Locators

CVS currently supports six methods for the client to access the repository: local, forked, external, a password server, a GSS-API (Generic Security Services API) server, and a Kerberos 4 server (most Kerberos users will want to use GSS-API). Table 17-10 describes the various repository locator types and their respective access methods.

Table 17-10. Repository access types and methods


Locator format




:local: path

If the repository directory is local to the computer from which you will access it (or appears local, such as an NFS or Samba mounted filesystem), the repository string is just the pathname of the repository directory, such as /usr/local/cvsrep, or it can use the :local: prefix.

Forked local

:fork: path

This type of locator is used primarily for debugging the CVS protocol code; it causes CVS to start (fork) a separate process to work with the repository and communicates with it using the CVS remote protocol.


:ext: user@host:path

External repositories are accessed via a remote shell utility, usually rsh (the default) or ssh. The environment variable $CVS_RSH is used to specify the remote shell program.

Password server

:pserver: user@host:path

Password server repositories require authentication to a user account before allowing use of the repository. Public ...

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