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Mass Transfer Processes: Modeling, Computations, and Design, First Edition by P. A. Ramachandran

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Chapter 28. Liquid Separation Membranes

Learning Objectives

After completing this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Classify liquid membrane separation processes based on the pore size.

  • Understand the concepts of osmosis and reverse osmosis.

  • Model the transport of solvent and solute species across a semi-permeable membrane.

  • Examine the concentration polarization effect on the transport rate.

  • Develop a simplified model for design of a reverse osmosis system.

  • Understand forward osmosis separation and its application.

  • Calculate the extent of separation in a pervaporation process.

Separation of liquid mixtures using membranes finds application in many areas. An important application is in wastewater treatment and providing drinking water using desalination. ...

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