O'Reilly logo

Mastering Object-oriented Python by Steven Lott

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

The __hash__() method

The built-in hash() function invokes the __hash__() method of a given object. This hash is a calculation which reduces a (potentially complex) value to a small integer value. Ideally, a hash reflects all the bits of the source value. Other hash calculations—often used for cryptographic purposes—can produce very large values.

Python includes two hash libraries. The cryptographic-quality hash functions are in hashlib. The zlib module has two high-speed hash functions: adler32() and crc32(). For relatively simple values, we don't use either of these. For large, complex values, these algorithms can be of help.

The hash() function (and the associated __hash__() method) is used to create a small integer key that is used to work with ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required