SQL FTS is an optional component of a SQL Server 2012 install. As you perform an install, you will get to the dialog shown in Figure 51.1.
SQL FTS can also be installed from the command line using a set of parameters similar to the following:
setup.exe /q /ACTION=INSTALL /INSTANCENAME=MyInstanceName/INDICATEPROGRESS/FEATURES=SQLENGINE,FULLTEXT /IAcceptSQLServerLicenseTerms/UpdateEnabled=FALSE/SQLSYSADMINACCOUNTS=%UserName%
Run this in the root directory of your installation media. What is critical to install is the
Features parameter of SQL FTS. By default, SQL FTS will be installed, ...