Chapter 1. Introduction

What do Yahoo! Maps, Google Maps, Yahoo! Mail, My Yahoo!, Gmail, Digg, YouTube and a plethora of other popular "Web 2.0" applications have in common? They all offer rich and responsive user interfaces, heavily employing code written in the JavaScript language. JavaScript started with simple one-liners embedded in HTML, but is now used in much more sophisticated ways. Developers leverage the object-oriented nature of the language to build scalable code architectures made up of reusable pieces. JavaScript provides behavior, the third pillar in today's paradigm that sees web pages as consisting of three clearly distinguishable parts: content (HTML), presentation (CSS), and behavior (JavaScript).

JavaScript programs run inside ...

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