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OpenCV with Python By Example by Prateek Joshi

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Erosion and dilation

Erosion and dilation are morphological image processing operations. Morphological image processing basically deals with modifying geometric structures in the image. These operations are primarily defined for binary images, but we can also use them on grayscale images. Erosion basically strips out the outermost layer of pixels in a structure, where as dilation adds an extra layer of pixels on a structure.

Let's see what these operations look like:

Erosion and dilation

Following is the code to achieve this:

import cv2 import numpy as np img = cv2.imread('input.png', 0) kernel = np.ones((5,5), np.uint8) img_erosion = cv2.erode(img, kernel, iterations=1) ...

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