Common Organizational Frameworks and Structures

  1. 2 Identify the characteristics of the functional structure, the divisional structure, and the matrix structure.

Organizational designs are known by many names and are constantly evolving in response to changes in the way work is done. We will start with three of the more common organizational frameworks: the simple structure, the bureaucracy, and the matrix structure.

The Simple Structure

What do a small retail store, an electronics firm run by a hard-driving entrepreneur, and an airline’s “war room” in the midst of a pilot’s strike have in ­common? They probably all use the simple structure.

The simple structure has a low degree of departmentalization, wide spans of control, authority centralized ...

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