Emergence of a New Organizational Design
This chapter discusses the results of the case study, hinging on three subjects:
– the design of the learning organization (section 5.1);
– the impact of culture on knowledge management (KM) (section 5.2);
– the management of knowledge boundaries (section 5.3).
5.1. Emergence of a design of the learning organization
Five domains of the learning organization have been identified: strategy, incentive systems, people, technology and structure. These different domains of organizational design must be harmoniously aligned with one another, in order to send a clear and consistent message to the company’s employees. Illustrations drawn from the cross-cutting case study demonstrate the consistency or inconsistency of the design of the learning organization.
5.1.1. Flexibility through integrative devices
In the eyes of Galbraith [GAL 94, GAL 00b, GAL 02a, GAL 02b], “processes” provide an organization with flexibility by way of a network of interactions. Four categories of processes, or means of integration of the units, can be applied: informal groups, artifact-based coordination, creation of integration manager jobs and, finally, the construction of a matricial organization. NSN has implemented all means of integration in its KM activities:
– coordination based on informal groups by the creation of virtual communities (e-communities);
– artifact-based coordination (the artifacts in question being knowledge management systems (KMSs) and communication ...