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Perl Pocket Reference, 5th Edition by Johan Vromans

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Special Variables

The alternative names for special variables are provided by the standard module English.

The following variables are global and should be localized in subroutines:

$_

Alternative: $ARG.

The default argument for many functions and operations.

$.

Alternatives: $INPUT_LINE_NUMBER, $NR.

The current input line number of the last filehandle that was read. Reset only when the filehandle is closed explicitly.

$/

Alternatives: $INPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR, $RS.

The string that separates input records. Default value is a newline.

$,

Alternatives: $OUTPUT_FIELD_SEPARATOR, $OFS.

The output field separator for the print functions. Default value is an empty string.

$"

Alternative: $LIST_SEPARATOR.

The separator that joins elements of arrays interpolated in strings. Default value is a single space.

$\

Alternatives: $OUTPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR, $ORS.

The output record separator for the print functions. Default value is an empty string.

$?

Alternative: $CHILD_ERROR.

The status returned by the last ` . . . ` command, pipe close, wait, waitpid, or system function.

$]

The Perl version number, e.g., 5.006. See also $^V in page 72.

$[

The index of the first element in an array or list, and of the first character in a substring. Default is zero. Deprecated. Do not use.

$;

Alternatives: $SUBSCRIPT_SEPARATOR, $SUBSEP.

The subscript separator for multidimensional hash emulation. Default is "\034".

$!

Alternatives: $OS_ERROR, $ERRNO.

If used in numeric context, yields the current value of errno. Otherwise, yields the corresponding ...

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