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PHP Cookbook by Adam Trachtenberg, David Sklar

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15.5. Drawing Centered Text

Problem

You want to draw text in the center of an image.

Solution

Find the size of the image and the bounding box of the text. Using those coordinates, compute the correct spot to draw the text.

For built-in GD fonts, use the pc_ImageStringCenter( ) function shown in Example 15-1.

Example 15-1. pc_ImageStringCenter( )

function pc_ImageStringCenter($image, $text, $font) {
    
    // font sizes
    $width  = array(1 => 5, 6, 7, 8, 9);
    $height = array(1 => 6, 8, 13, 15, 15);

    // find the size of the image
    $xi = ImageSX($image);
    $yi = ImageSY($image);

    // find the size of the text
    $xr = $width[$font] * strlen($text);
    $yr = $height[$font];

    // compute centering
    $x = intval(($xi - $xr) / 2);
    $y = intval(($yi - $yr) / 2);

    return array($x, $y);
}

For example:

list($x, $y) = pc_ImageStringCenter($image, $text, $font);
ImageString($image, $font, $x, $y, $text, $fore);

For PostScript fonts, use the pc_ImagePSCenter( ) function shown in Example 15-2.

Example 15-2. pc_ImagePSCenter( )

function pc_ImagePSCenter($image, $text, $font, $size, $space = 0,
                           $tightness = 0, $angle = 0) {

    // find the size of the image
    $xi = ImageSX($image);
    $yi = ImageSY($image);

    // find the size of the text
    list($xl, $yl, $xr, $yr) = ImagePSBBox($text, $font, $size,
                                     $space, $tightness, $angle);

    // compute centering
    $x = intval(($xi - $xr) / 2);
    $y = intval(($yi + $yr) / 2);

    return array($x, $y);
}

For example:

list($x, $y) = pc_ImagePSCenter($image, $text, $font, $size); ImagePSText($image, $text, $font, ...

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