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PHP Cookbook by Adam Trachtenberg, David Sklar

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19.12. Program: Web Server Directory Listing

The web-ls.php program shown in Example 19-4 provides a view of the files inside your web server’s document root, formatted like the output of the Unix command ls. Filenames are linked so that you can download each file, and directory names are linked so that you can browse in each directory, as shown in Figure 19-1.

Web listing

Figure 19-1. Web listing

Most lines in Example 19-4 are devoted to building an easy-to-read representation of the file’s permissions, but the guts of the program are in the while loop at the end. The $d->read( ) method gets the name of each file in the directory. Then, lstat( ) retrieves information about that file, and printf( ) prints out the formatted information about that file.

The mode_string( ) functions and the constants it uses turn the octal representation of a file’s mode (e.g., 35316) into an easier-to-read string (e.g., -rwsrw-r--).

Example 19-4. web-ls.php

/* Bit masks for determining file permissions and type. The names and values * listed below are POSIX-compliant, individual systems may have their own * extensions. */ define('S_IFMT',0170000); // mask for all types define('S_IFSOCK',0140000); // type: socket define('S_IFLNK',0120000); // type: symbolic link define('S_IFREG',0100000); // type: regular file define('S_IFBLK',0060000); // type: block device define('S_IFDIR',0040000); // type: directory ...

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