Program with Passwords and Encryption

You can set passwords and encryption options in code using the Workbook object’s security members, such as the Password property and SetEncryptionProperties method. From a security standpoint, it doesn’t make sense to hardcode passwords into Visual Basic macros. Instead, the Workbook object’s security members are generally used in conjunction with User Forms to set passwords and encryption chosen by the user through a customized interface.

For instance, you might create a document template (.xlt) for secure documents that can only be saved using a password and encryption. Such a template might include a user form to get the password, as shown in Figure 26-6.

Password user form

Figure 26-6. Password user form

The code for the user form confirms that the Password and Confirm Password text boxes match and allows the user to cancel the operation, as shown here:

    ' Public fields
    Public Password As String, Encrypt As Boolean

    Private Sub cmdCancel_Click( )
        Password = ""
    End Sub

    Private Sub cmdSave_Click( )
        If txtPassword.Text <> txtConfirm.Text Then
            MsgBox "Password and confirm password must match.", , "Confirm Error"
            Password = txtPassword.Text
            Encrypt = chkEncrypt.Value
        End If
    End Sub

Then, the Secure template includes a workbook-level procedure to intercept the Save event. Whenever the user saves a document based on this template, the following code ...

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