Fundamental Research, Self-reliance and Internationalism: The Evolution of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, 1945–47

Indira Chowdhury*

Historians of science in India have frequently pointed out that the colonial state hardly made resources available for fundamental research in India.1 By contrast, the years that followed Indian Independence in 1947 saw the proliferation of an extraordinary number of science institutions in India. The science institutions of independent India were burdened with the twin responsibilities of enabling rapid industrialization and cultivating ‘rationality’ and the ‘scientific temper’. This chapter attempts to map the evolution of one of the most significant experiments in scientific institution-building ...

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