7Renewable Energy Smart Grids for Electric Vehicles

Vishal H. Kanchan, Preethesh B., Hithesh Alen D’Costa, Sohan R. Alva and Rathishchandra Ramachandra Gatti*

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sahyadri College of Engineering & Management, Mangalore, India


The world is slowly transitioning from fossil fuel such as coal to renewable energy sources for power generation. Another significant transition is the slow transition from the use of internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs) to electric vehicles (EVs) on the power consumption side. While these two transitions are both economically and ecologically beneficial, they also come up with new challenges. From the power generation perspective, most of the renewables such as solar and wind energy sources are intermittent in nature thus adding complexity to steady supply of power to consumption side. From the power consumption perspective, the transition from ICEVs to EVs will create more dynamic electric loads to the utilities adding to more complexity in logistics of power delivery. Thus, electric grid has to face two major challenges—intermittent power generation and dynamic load power consumption. This necessitates the need for use of advanced smart grid technologies built using AI/ML algorithms for optimization of power generation and consumption logistics, block chain for transparencies in power transactions and IoT enabled edge computing for capturing data and analyzing the power transactions. Over the years, ...

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