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Sound and Recording, 5th Edition by Tim Mccormick, Francis Rumsey

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Chapter 1

What is sound?

A vibrating source

Sound is produced when an object (the source) vibrates and causes the air around it to move. Consider the sphere shown in Figure 1.1. It is a pulsating sphere which could be imagined as something like a squash ball, and it is pulsating regularly so that its size oscillates between being slightly larger than normal and then slightly smaller than normal. As it pulsates it will alternately compress and then rarefy the surrounding air, resulting in a series of compressions and rarefactions travelling away from the sphere, rather like a three-dimensional version of the ripples which travel away from a stone dropped into a pond. These are known as longitudinal waves since the air particles move in the same ...

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