Chapter 15



After studying this chapter, you should be able to:

  1. Explain the characteristics and purposes of cost accounting.
  2. Describe the flow of costs in a job order cost system.
  3. Explain the nature and importance of a job cost sheet.
  4. Indicate how the predetermined overhead rate is determined and used.
  5. Prepare entries for jobs completed and sold.
  6. Distinguish between under- and overapplied manufacturing overhead.


This chapter illustrates how manufacturing costs are assigned to specific jobs. We begin the discussion in this chapter with an overview of the flow of costs in a job order cost accounting system. We then use a case study to explain and illustrate the documents, entries, and accounts in this type of cost accounting system. The content and organization of this chapter are as follows:



Cost Accounting Systems

  1. (L.O. 1) Cost accounting involves measuring, recording, and reporting product costs. Companies determine both the total cost and unit cost of each product.
  2. A cost accounting system consists of accounts for the various manufacturing costs. These accounts are fully integrated into the general ledger of a company. An important feature of a cost accounting system is the use of a perpetual inventory system. Such a system provides information immediately on the cost of a product. The two basic ...

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