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Supervision and Safety of Complex Systems by Jean Arlat, Yves Vandenboomgaerde, Nada Matta

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Chapter 2Monitoring of Radioactive Waste DisposalCells in Deep Geological Formation 1

 

 

 

2.1. Context

The French agency for radioactive waste management (Andra) is in charge of the long-term management of radioactive waste generated in France. Within the framework of this mission, it uses its expertise and its know-how to enable the state to implement safe management solutions for all French radioactive waste in order to protect the current and future generations from the risk this waste represents. Andra manages two disposal facilities in operation in the Aube district accepting very low-level radioactive waste to low- and intermediate-level short-lived radioactive waste, as well as a closed center in the monitoring phase in the Manche district.

In 2005 Andra concluded that deep geological disposal for high-level long-lived waste and intermediate-level long-lived waste was feasible. It was put in charge of designing and implanting a disposal center for these wastes (called Cigéo, the Industrial Geological repository Center) by the program law of June 28, 2006. An underground research laboratory was built in the early 2000s in the town of Bure in Meuse district. This laboratory implements experiments of a scientific and technological nature. It is envisaged that by 2015 all the elements necessary for an authorization request for the creation of Cigéo will be ready. Subject to the necessary authorizations, it is envisaged that Cigéo will be operational in 2025, with the necessary ...

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