This chapter discusses policies and policy management from the different holistic thinking perspectives (HTPs) and examines policy implementation because many policies are implemented by large engineering projects (LEPs). In particular, it discusses policies as a system, the different types of policies, the generic policy lifecycle, policy documents and ways of mitigating risks in policies.
Perceptions of policies from the HTPs included:
Perceptions from the Quantitative HTP included:
Many problems posed to policy and strategic decision-makers are complex problems discussed in Section 9.1.1.
Policy problems are complex problems because they contain ...