Prologue

Imagine what would happen if the majority of the population were old. What would it be like to drive down the street, shop in stores and be entertained by old people? What kind of impact would that have on our culture? Our politics? Our defense? These thoughts are not a random pondering. This is actually happening, and worldwide. The world needs to take notice, and prepare for the fact that the population is ageing at a rapid pace.

However social scientists and policy-makers often take contradictory positions on many of the aspects of the new development. For example, in 1971 when India was desperately trying to reduce her population growth, the Japanese Prime Minister Eisaku sato1 had an antithetical vision. He advised india against ...

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