12. Arrays

An array is a data structure that contains a number of variables, all of which are accessed through computed indices. The variables contained in an array (also called the elements of the array) are all of the same type; this type is called the element type of the array.

An array has a rank that determines the number of indices associated with each array element. The rank of an array is also referred to as the dimensions of the array. An array with a rank of one is called a single-dimensional array. An array with a rank greater than one is called a multi-dimensional array. Specific-size multi-dimensional arrays are often referred to as two-dimensional arrays, three-dimensional arrays, and so on.

Each dimension of an array has an associated ...

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