AS THE NAME implies, “leading lines” guide the viewer’s eyes around the image. The “lines” can be literal (like the double yellow stripes down the middle of a road) or a looser interpretation (tall grass swaying to one side in the breeze).

Like repeating patterns, once you know what to look for, you’ll find leading lines everywhere in both nature and the man-made world. The road in Figure 4.1 is a classic example of a man-made leading line. And did you notice the cyclist’s position in the frame? Is he centered? No! The leading line of the road brings your eye directly to him—in the bottom-left third of the frame. Combining ...

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