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The Financial Times Guide to Investing, 3rd Edition by Glen Arnold

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5

Pooled investments

Instead of buying shares individually, investors can pool their money and buy shares (and other assets) collectively. There are some significant advantages of pooled (collective) investment. First, a more diversified portfolio can be created. Investors with a relatively small sum to invest, say £3,000, would find it difficult to obtain a broad spread of investments without incurring high transaction costs. If, however, 10,000 people each put £3,000 into a fund there would be £30 million available to invest in a wide range of securities. A large fund like this can buy in large quantities, say £100,000 at a time, reducing dealing and administrative costs per pound invested. Thus risk is reduced by diversification and costs ...

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