In order to explore the meaning of the globalisation concept, it is worth distinguishing between its use as an analytical tool and as a political programme.
The concept of globalisation is used to describe and interpret contemporary social processes. In this application, it has both supporters and sceptics.
Sceptics respond that this is superficially true, but claim that the “global economy” is in fact the economy of just a few rich countries, in particular those belonging to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). They point out that if the world were a global village of one hundred residents, only six would be Americans. Yet these six would have half the village's entire income, with the other ninety-four existing on the other half.