• Albus, James S. “Outline for a Theory of Intelligence.” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics 21.3 (1991): 473–509.
  • Sagan, Carl. “The Planets”, Christmas Lectures. The Royal Institution, 1977, BBC2.
  • Wiener, Norbert. Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. Paris: John Wiley and Sons/ Technology Press, 1948 (2nd revised ed. 1961).


  • Boyan, Justin, Dayne Freitag, and Thorsten Joachims. “A machine learning architecture for optimizing web search engines.” AAAI Workshop on Internet Based Information Systems. 1996.
  • Cristianini, N. “Shortcuts to Artificial Intelligence.” In Marcello Pelillo and Teresa Scantamburlo (eds), Machines We Trust. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2021. ...

Get The Shortcut now with the O’Reilly learning platform.

O’Reilly members experience books, live events, courses curated by job role, and more from O’Reilly and nearly 200 top publishers.