7Introduction to streaming media
Less than 10 years after its initial development, streaming joined the mainstream of communication media. The ubiquity of the Internet led many multimedia content owners to search for a way to deliver video content over an IP network. Video and audio are a more natural way to communicate than the text and images used for the first decade of the Internet. We only have to look at the overwhelming success of television. Combine live delivery over IP with video and audio and you have streaming.
The first multimedia applications used the Internet just for file transfer to the PC. Once the entire file had been downloaded, it could be played back locally, much like a CD-ROM. This is called download-and-play. ...