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The Variability of Current World Englishes by Charles F. Meyer, Eugene Green

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Kirk Hazen

Methodological choices in language variation analysis

Kirk Hazen, Department of English, West Virginia University, Morgantown WV 26506-6296, USA, e-mail: kirk.hazen@mail.wvu.edu

1 Introduction9

The advent of modern language variation analysis in the 1960s and 1970s saw a healthy mixture of variables determined by morphological and phonological influences (Sankoff 1973). Labov’s (1963) Martha’s Vineyard study was on the phonological influences of vowels, whereas his (1972) study of multiple negation in African American Vernacular English (AAVE) was on morphosyntactic influences. Wolfram’s study of AAVE in Detroit (1969) involved language variation patterns influenced by phonological factors, such as R-vocalization, and those influenced ...

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