8 polar coordinates

In This Chapter

8.1 Polar Coordinates

8.2 Graphs of Polar Equations

8.3 Conic Sections in Polar Coordinates

      Chapter 8 Review Exercises

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The sliced view of a nautilus shell shows an approximation to a curve called a logarithmic spiral. See Problem 31 in Exercises 8.2.

A Bit of History The rectangular or Cartesian coordinate system is one of many different coordinate systems that have been developed over the years to serve different purposes. In mathematical applications a problem that is intractable in rectangular coordinates may become tractable in a different coordinate system. In this chapter our primary study is ...

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